When Eclipse Plugins Don’t

Quick Version

If, after ‘installing’ a plugin for Eclipse 3.4 it’s not visible in Preferences or in context menus, check that your user account has permissions to write into the appropriate Eclipse directories – because Eclipse doesn’t warn you.

Preamble

For those who don’t know, Eclipse is an IDE heavily used for Java development. Like anything else, it’s a delicate balance of awesome and suckage, and today I got caught out by a pinch of suckage.

It’s a plugin-based platform, which means that anyone can write a piece of software that ‘plugs-in’ to Eclipse to extend or enhance the functionality. It’s a great approach, allowing me to tailor my own installation to my needs. Having recently re-installed Ubuntu Linux, earlier today I was trying to set up my plugins without success.

The Problem

I set up the m2eclipse update site as described in the documentation (pretty standard fare… Help > Install New Software…, paste in the update site URL and choose components to install) but after ‘installation’ was completed there was no sign of the plugin. There should have been new options appearing all over Eclipse, but no. Tumbleweed.

Tried installing the next plugin on my list… Subclipse. Same story. So not a problem with a plugin…

The Solution

…and then it dawned on me. I’d installed Eclipse into /opt, which is all locked down to root, with administrative privileges. Schoolboy error – no permissions for the plugin files to actually be installed under the authority of my user account, which is the context that Eclipse normally runs.

A quick chown to root:admin for the /opt/eclipse directory (rather heavy handed – I should probably have worked out which directories I needed write access to, but I was out of patience), ‘uninstalled’ the plugin in the Eclipse, tried the install again and then I was back in business.

I’m really surprised that Eclipse doesn’t complain when it’s ‘installing’ a plugin in directories to which it has no access. I may not be the sharpest tool in the box, but I’m fairly sure that permissions problems happen to other people too. I might go so far as to find out where you feed back to the Eclipse development community for once. Anyways, this post will help remind me next time I get this wrong, it might help someone out, and if nothing else you might be mildly entertained by my ineptitude.

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Installing Ubuntu 9.10 from a USB Stick

Linux distributions tend to come as ISO images – files which are images of CDs/DVDs. I’ve always burned the images to a disk to install, but I’ve been meaning to try setting up a bootable USB stick instead.

Better for the environment, right? More importantly, I never seem to have a blank CD knocking about when I decide to do an install.

I expected some hassle, but it turns out to be trivial if you’re already on a Ubuntu machine, so long as your BIOS supports booting from USB devices. So…

  • Check the computer you want to install into supports booting from USB; if it doesn’t I guess you’re stuck with the CD option
  • Slap a USB stick with 2GB space or more in a slot on another Ubuntu machine (make sure there’s nothing on the stick you’ll miss if it gets lost!)
  • Start up usb-creator from the command line (just type usb-creator, or sudo apt-get it if it’s not installed)
  • Choose the .iso in the usb-creator utility
  • Choose the target USB device
  • Wait while files are copied and stuff
  • Pull out the USB stick when it’s ready, plug it into your target machine and reboot.

The familiar installer screens should start up.

More details here.

Finishing up the Machine Learning Module

Well, the Machine Learning exam was this morning… another 5:30 am start to get to Manchester in plenty of time.

My Top Tip for distance learning today has to be: if you have to attend classes, labs, exams – you know, stuff that you can’t really afford to miss, aim to be there an hour early.

Today, I didn’t realise that the exam wasn’t in the same building that I’ve had every lecture, lab and exam so far. In fact, it was on the other side of the campus, and it’s not a small University. I was very glad of having 45 minutes from checking my information to the exam starting! Totally my own fault, of course – focussed on studying and the date and time of the exam, I made an assumption – but these things happen. If you’re there early and everything works out fine you have time to relax and centre yourself. On the other hand, if there is a problem, you’ll be very glad of that time.

The course itself was a fascinating introduction to several aspects of automated learning. Starting out with linear and nonlinear classifiers, moving on to decision trees, then probabilistic classifiers, unsupervised learning and finally sequence learning, we covered a large set of knowledge with significant maths pre-requisites.

Most of the material was quite approachable (now that I’m largely over my irrational fear of mathematical symbols – I wonder if there’s an official phobia for that?), with the notable exception of the probabilistic stuff. I’m not sure why I had such a problem with it and even after some serious digging in books I’m still not totally clear on some of it. More work needed there in the future, I fear.

Funny thing about the maths stuff – it has taken/is taking me a lot of effort to penetrate the notation. Once I can read it, though, the concept hiding underneath tends to be fairly intuitive. Go figure.

So how did the exam go? As with the last one, I can easily imagine how it might have been much tougher. Feels like it went OK, but you never know do you?

Anyway, now the immediate study pressure is off for a few weeks I’m hoping to catch up on some reading (right now, a quarter of the way through Code Complete 2, by Steve McConnell – I’d like to finish that off) and get a few more blog posts in.

Perl is slower and faster than Java

Bit of a random one coming up…

I needed to get an measure of the difference in performance between Perl and Java for a simple client application, so I wrote the traditional ‘Hello World’ app in both and ran a bunch of executions averaging over the time from start to end of execution. The net result:

Perl is around 34 times faster than Java.

Really? I thought Java was supposed to be fast? In fact, Dhananjay Nene talked about how comparatively fast a selection of languages – including Java – were on his blog, and cwilbur ‘s comments suggest that in that experiment:

Java is around 100 times faster than Perl.

So how can these two conflicting results both be true? I’m sure you’ve already figured it out, but I’m going to tell you anyway.

Java code takes hundreds of milliseconds to start up, because Java code runs in the Java Virtual Machine which needs a little time to get itself ready before your code can run. Once it’s up, however, you can get performance close to (or even better than, in reality) that of typical C++.

On the other hand, Perl doesn’t need that environment and so can start faster but trades off more overhead at runtime, meaning slower running performance.

Just goes to show, application performance is another area where there’s no one right answer – it’s about choosing the right tool for the job – I don’t think there’s any way round these performance characteristics without cheating.